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Hubungan Status Gizi, Stres, dan Aktivitas Fisik Dengan Gangguan Siklus Haid Pada Mahasiswi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani


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ABSTRAK
Siklus haid normal rata-rata berkisar antara 21-35 hari. Tetapi tidak semua wanita memiliki siklus haid yang teratur, beberapa diantaranya ada yang mengalami gangguan siklus haid. Gangguan siklus haid adalah perubahan jarak waktu haid sejak haid hari pertama sampai datangnya haid berikutnya.Gangguan siklus haid dapat dikaitkan dengan beberapa faktor resiko seperti status gizi, stres, dan aktivitas fisik yang berlebihan. Keterkaitan faktor-faktor resiko ini dengan gangguan siklus haid adalah terganggunya keseimbangan hormon yang menyebabkan perubahan siklus haid. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara beberapa faktor resiko terhadap gangguan siklus haid. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian analitik dengan design penelitian potong lintang. Sampel adalah mahasiswi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani yang berusia 18-21 tahun, mempunyai riwayat perubahan jadwal siklus haid, tidak mengonsumsi obat-obatan hormonal dan tidak menderita polycystic ovarian syndrome, gangguan tiroid, lupus erimatosus sitemik, gangguan koagulasi darah, tumor ovarium dan tumor kelenjar adrenal. Sampel diambil secara acak sederhana sebanyak 46 responden. Data penelitian dianalisis dan diuji menggunakan uji Spearman kemudian disajikan secara deskriptif. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan sebanyak 47,82 % responden mengalami oligomenorea, 8,69 % responden mengalami polimenorea, dan sebanyak 15,21 % responden mengalami amenorea. Berdasarkan hasil uji statistik disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara status gizi, stres dan aktivitas fisik terhadap gangguan siklus haid.
Kata kunci : gangguan siklus haid, status gizi, stres, aktivitas fisik
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ABSTRACT
The average normal menstrual cycle ranges from 21-35 days. But not all women have regular menstrual cycles, some of them have menstrual cycle disorders. Menstrual cycle disorders is the change intervals of first menstrual period to the next menstrual period. Menstrual cycle can be associated with several risk factors such as nutrition, stress and excessive physical activity. Linkage these risk factors with menstrual cycle disorders is a disruption of hormonal balance that cause changes in the menstrual cycle. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between some of the risk factors of menstrual cycle disorders. This research uses analytical study cross sectional design. The sample is a student from Faculty of Medicine Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani who is 18-21 years old, have a history of menstrual cycle changes, not taking hormonal drugs and do not suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome, thyroid disorders, systemic lupus erimatosus, blood coagulation disorders, ovarian tumors and adrenal gland tumor. Samples were taken randomly as much as 46 respondents. Data were analyzed and tested using Spearman then presented descriptively. From the results, as many as 47,82 % of respondents experienced oligomenorrhea, 8.69% of respondents experienced polimenorea, and as much as 15.21% of respondents experienced amenorrhea. Based on the statistical test results concluded that there was no correlation between nutrition, stress, and physical activitivity against menstrual cycle disorders.
Key words : menstrual cycle disorder, nutrition, stress, physical activity
136/PKU/2017
NONE
SKRIPSI 17
Indonesia
2017
Cimahi
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